The 48 LTOTM Personality Types

Each of the 48 LTOTM Personality Types consists of a sequential order of the 4 Temperaments (Guardian, Artisan, Idealist, Rational), plus Introvert or Extrovert. Since the types are defined by temperament order, no mapping is needed between temperament and type. There are 24 combinations of temperament order, so 24 Introvert types and 24 Extrovert types; 48 types total. In the type names below, the four lowercase colored letters after the dot tell you the order of the temperaments and the I or E at the beginning tells Extrovert or Introvert. For example, in the name Theorist (INTP.riag), .riag stands for the temperament order Rational, Idealist, Artisan, then Guardian; and I stands for Introvert before Extrovert.

If you are familiar with the Myers-Briggs 16 personality types and Carl Jung's personality traits, you will recognize Jung/Myers-Briggs personality type letters (I/E, S/N, F/T, J/P) in the LTOTM personality type names. The Jung/Myers-Briggs personality preferences I/E are still used in LTOTM theory, but S/N, F/T and J/P are no longer needed. Each of the Jung/Myers-Briggs preferences has been redefined in terms of temperament order and are kept in the LTOTM personality type names for historical reference. The 16 preference based Myers-Briggs personality types are no longer used, but still directly relate 3-to-1. For example, there are now 3 different ENFJ types defined by different temperament orders.

If you are familiar with David Keirsey, you'll recognize the purple part of each type name is similar to Keirsey's names for the Myers-Briggs 16 personality types. The main differences in naming are that there are 48 LTOTM types and the LTOTM type names are verb-based. The LTOTM types also have secondary names to help clarify what each type is natural at doing. Each secondary name is shared by two adjacent types. The main LTOTM names were chosen based on verbs that most closely related to the personality types' behaviors. Each verb has a new definition in LTOTM theory of exhibiting temerament intelligences and expressivity in the type's temperament order.

* The names marked with an asterisk are adopted Keirsey names from the 16 Myers-Briggs types. These were converted to verb-based form. Where the Keirsey name was not able to be put in verb form, or there was a more appropriate verb-based name, the Keirsey name was adopted in the secondary LTOTM name. All other names and subnames for the 48 LTOTM Personality Types are new.

The 4 Roles

The personality types are laid out visually on 4 role wheel charts below. Although types on the same role wheel span different temperaments and have different goals, they have similar social communication styles and work patterns. The Idealists (NF) are in the top-left of each role wheel. The Rationals (NT) are in the top-right of each role wheel. The Guardians (SJ) and Artisans (SP) are in the bottom half of different role wheels.

Organizer Types



Organizers are all Introverted and have Guardian before Artisan. This results in the reserved detailed communication style that these types have in common. Organizer types stay scheduled, prepared, organized and on task. They freely help others stay the same. On the left side of the wheel are the Cultivating Organizer types that have Idealist before Rational. These types stay aware of others personal situations and provide support for peoples needs. The Economizing Organizer types on the right side of the wheel have Rational before Idealist. They know what is needed to finish tasks at hand and they make sure all materials are prepared and information is accurate to complete them reliably and economically.

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Instructor Types



Instructors are all Extroverted and have Guardian before Artisan. This results in the open direct detailed communication style that these types have in common. Instructor types like to oversee others behavior, are comfortable telling others what to do and remain accountable for what they say. On the left side of the wheel are the Growth Instructor types that have Idealist before Rational. These types are very sociable. They guide others to follow social values and appropriateness and facilitate human growth and development. The Operations Instructor types on the right side of the wheel have Rational before Idealist. They know each step necessary to complete certain objectives and they politely coordinate peoples' efforts to complete them efficiently.

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Designer Types



Designers are all Introverted and have Artisan before Guardian. This results in the indirect communication style that these types have in common. Designer types like to go with the flow, live and let live. They have individualized points of views on things and can be very creative. On the left side of the wheel are the Artistic Designer types that have Idealist before Rational. These types know how to balance and manipulate shape, form, color, sound and feeling to create compositions that reach people. The Constructive Designer types on the right side of the wheel have Rational before Idealist. They know how to improvise new techniques and strategies to solve problems quickly and effectively.

** Composer was the Keirsey ISFP Artisan name, in LTOTM theory the Composer is the INFP.iarg Idealist name. This is the only Keirsey name adopted that was moved to a different type. This is because the multiple definitions of composer are best suited for the Idealist INFP.iarg type in LTOTM theory.

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Motivator Types



Motivators are all Extroverted and have Artisan before Guardian. This results in the free flowing descriptive persuasive communication style that these types have in common. Motivator types like to get people interested in things. They know how to present whats most interesting and exciting to spark peoples interest. On the left side of the wheel are the Liberating Motivator types that have Idealist before Rational. These types are highly social and talkative. They are all about the human experience and love to excite people about culture, entertainment, music and arts. They continually speak in a positive light to keep morale high. The Commercializing Motivator types on the right side of the wheel have Rational before Idealist. They know what people like, how to make things look and sound impressive and what new things can be socially useful. They expend lots energy and ingenuity making what people want available and maximizing apparent value.

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Personality theory registered copyright © 2008 Brian Lewis, under the unpublished title Knowing Your Role, all rights reserved.
LTOTM, Lewis Temperament OrderTM and Temperament OrderTM are a trademarks of Brian Lewis 2008.
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